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Sun temples in india: Raja Katarmal built the temple in one night
About 200 years older than the Sun Temple of Konark
Sun temple: There are big and small temples of Sun God in many places in the world. But the idol of Sun God in every temple is either made of stone or of some metal. In such a situation, today we are telling you about such an ancient temple, where the idol of the Sun God is not made of any metal or stone, but is made of the wood of the elder tree.
In fact, Suryadev, one of the Adipancha Devas, who rides in a chariot of red color, seven horses, is considered to be all-beneficent as well as all-motivator and all-illuminator.
Lord Surya is called “the soul of the world” because there is life in the earth from the Sun God and the Sun is considered the king of the nine planets. Of all the gods, only Lord Surya is considered to be the visible god of Kali Yuga.
In such a situation, it is believed that while Konark Sun Temple of Orissa, India is world famous, in Devbhoomi Uttarakhand, Lord Suryadev resides in the form of Katarmal Sun Temple. Actually, the grand Katarmal Sun Temple of Lord Suryadev is situated in Adheli Sunar village of Almora district of Devbhoomi Uttarakhand. Which is situated at a distance of about 16 kms from Almora city.
This Sun temple, situated at an altitude of about 2116 meters above sea level, is believed to be about 200 years older than the Sun Temple of Konark.
construction of temple
The construction of this magnificent Katarmal Sun Temple is believed to be between the 6th to the 9th century. At that time Uttarakhand was ruled by the Katyuri dynasty. In such a situation, this temple is called Katarmal Sun Temple due to the credit of the construction of this temple to King Katarmal of Katyuri Dynasty. There is also a belief in relation to this temple that King Katarmal built it in a single night.
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specialty of the temple
After crossing the step-like fields of the mountains, this Katarmal Sun Temple is situated amidst the lush green trees of tall deodar. At the same time, as soon as you step into the temple, the experience of its grandeur, vastness starts automatically. Here everyone keeps seeing the wonderful carvings done in the wooden doors and the artifacts carved on the huge rocks.
This Katarmal Sun Temple, facing east, is built on a high square platform. The main temple is built from the Triratha structure. On the other hand, the square sanctum and the spire are curved, which are characteristic of the Nagara style.
The biggest feature of the temple…
The most important feature of the Katarmal Sun Temple is that the idol of Lord Surya is made of wood from the Bada tree, and not of any metal or stone, which is wonderful and unique in itself. That is why this Sun temple is also called “Bad Aditya Mandir”.
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As a wonderful specimen of architecture and sculpture, apart from the main Sun temple, there are 45 small and big temples at this place. In which apart from Lord Surya Dev, idols of Lord Shiva, Mata Parvati, Shri Ganesh ji, Lord Lakshmi Narayan, Kartikeya and Lord Narasimha are present.
This Devbhoomi is the only temple in Uttarakhand, where Lord Surya is worshiped in the form of an idol made of Bada tree.
legend of the temple
According to mythological references, in Satyuga, the sage Muni was always absorbed in his penance in the caves of Uttarakhand, but the Asuras used to torture him from time to time and disturb his penance.
Once, being troubled by the tyranny of an Asura, the sages living in Dunagiri Mountain, Kashaya Parvat and Kanjar Parvat came to the banks of the Kosi River and worshiped Lord Surya. On seeing his severe penance, the Sun God pleased and appeared to him and freed him from the tyranny of the demons.
Apart from this, the Sun God installed his effulgence on a Vatshila. Since then Lord Suryadev is sitting here on the idol made of wood of Vat. Many years later, in the middle of the 6th to the 9th century, King Katarmal built the grand Katarmal Sun Temple of Lord Surya at this place.